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When asked how much educated men
were superior to those uneducated,
'As much as the living are to the dead.'
the question of
ethics is what the highest good is for mankind.
He defines it as happiness, which consists of the highest and most permanent joy; not, however, in the satisfaction of random wishes of the individual; for man can only reach this goal when he brings it to the highest perfection to which his nature fits him.
What distinguishes man, however, is his reason, which is primarily direction of action and secondarily pure observation of reality for its own sake.
This second is the higher, because it raises mankind above the limitations and necessities of life, allows him to become spirit and thereby determines a simultaneous possibility of divine being.
The spectacle of reality is maximally gratifying.
However, man cannot exist solely a theoretician;
he must put his insight into practice - Man is a social being.
384 B.C. - 322 B.C.
born at Stagira
a Macedonian city
about 200 miles
north of Athens.
His father was a physician,
court doctor to
King Philip of Macedonia.
More famous men:|
Laws of Nature
"Education is the best provision for old age"
Aristotle taught five elements
Earth, which is cold and dry; this corresponds to the modern idea of a solid
Water, which is cold and wet; this corresponds to the modern idea of a liquid
Air, which is hot and wet; this corresponds to the modern idea of a gas
Fire, which is hot and dry; this corresponds to the modern idea of heat
Aether, which is the divine substance that makes up the heavenly spheres
and heavenly bodies /stars and planets
Now think about what scientists today talk about: Dark matter - the fifth element?
When Aristotle was about eighteen years old, he went to Athens to continue his education at Plato's Academy.|
He learned a lot during his 20 year stay, and he became an educator after a few years at the same lyceum.
Later, Aristotle was asked to become the head of the royal academy of Macedon. Some of his students were Alexander, and two young men who became later kings: Ptolemy and Cassander.
Aristotle grew up in aristocracy. He published his Politics where he writes "that only one thing could justify monarchy, and that was if the virtue of the king and his family were greater than the virtue of the rest of the citizens put together."
Look how the name Aristotle is written in his home language!|
Aristoteles. He was a philosopher, mathematician, with great knowledge
in physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric,
linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology!
Think about: A lot of our knowledge is based on the findings of Aristotle
who has lived 2500 years ago!
Missing education is the most pervasive threat to the Earth today.
"Responsibility is born when the love, the feeling of responsibility for others
grows stronger than the love for yourself."
We have tried to give you a little glimpse of Aristotle.
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