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Logo of Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation, international charitable nonprofit organization providing nature conservation education to all countries on Earth Signature of Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation, international charitable nonprofit organization In the US some butterflies are endangered. United States industry + households have a high energy demand, producing greenhouse gases resulting in climate change. Low education levels resulting in high pollution, low water quality, pushing butterflies to the extinction. Online distance learning: Butterflies in the US have no population growth, should be on the endangered species list. A Butterfly, beautiful to watch, fragile, but facing the wind. drinking from flowers. Man made chemicals endanger butterflies, Monarch populations are shrinking fast. What can we do? Earth's children are endangered. Learn online about water conservation issues, how to secure your future, how to stay alive with violent weather, floods, earthquakes and storms. Life on earth depends on plants, that produce oxygen, provide food. Millions of years earth balanced a natural environment. Global warming endangers the biodiversity of human food. Conservation views and insights, news: Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation, protection of all life, flora + fauna on Earth = human protection, conservation of all water on Earth = human protection, conservation of all soil on Earth = human protection. Millions of years earth balanced a natural environment. Conservation of all water on Earth = human protection, conservation of all soil on Earth = human protection through affordable conservation education online to keep nature beautiful. BSB-research + how to keep Nature beautiful + how to secure our future + how to have a better life!
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BSB Science based Nature education: butterfly feeding on madrone tree at Bear Springs Blossom nature preserve in the Texas Hill Country - understand why butterfly conservation is essential for human life
butterfly feeding on Madrone tree blossoms
Butterflies are beautiful and a very important pollinators

Can you imagine 20000 butterfly species? That's how many different butterflies exist on Earth.
Butterfly wings have a very delicate construction, with overlapping microscopic scales resulting in these wonderful special colors and patterns.
About 400 butterfly species call Texas home.
Tiger Swallowtail always welcomes visitors at Bear Springs Blossom Nature Preserve in the Texas Hill Country. A really special butterfly, and as many other butterflies, facing the wind. Monarch butterflies, danaus plexippus, have less young one, facing extinction. The gulf fritillary, agraulis vinillae, can often be seen at Bear Springs Blossom Nature Preserve, but pollution and man made chemicals are a real butterfly threat. On the BSB reserve we can watch the monarch migration feeling sad about these endangered butterflies
Tiger Swallowtail
Papilio rutulus
You see the adult butterfly + the caterpillar

Many butterflies are migratory, what means they travel long distances.
The Texas State butterfly is the Monarch; these butterflies travel over 3000 miles during migration.

Why do we see less Monarch butterflies?

Something went wrong with the spring monarch migration. Not many of us have caught sight of more than a few of the iconic insects currently on their northward journey through Texas.
monarch butterfly feeding on sumac blossoms during migration photographed at Bear Springs Blossom Nature education trail in the Texas Hill Country
Monarch - Danaus plexippus
Migration route Texas Hill Country
There are some key culprits of the population collapse of this most recognizable of our butterflies.
Soggy weather and illegal logging have both indisputably reduced the Monarch butterflies at their Mexican over-wintering grounds.
Read our article about the Monarch butterfly
Not many know that the on-going loss of habitat in the United States, as well as our widespread use of toxic herbicides, pesticides, and use of genetically modified corn, threatens many butterfly species.
Butterflies need milkweed as breeding ground, but humans destroy it. The use of Roundup Ready crops, herbicide-ready crops does not help either.
Biology: monarch butterfly pollinating flower in butterfly garden, danaus plexippus closeup - with a balanced biodiversity the food chain will work -  join us to learn why butterfly conservation is essential for human life
Monarch - danaus plexippus
Butterfly garden at Bear Springs Blossom Nature Preserve

Monarch Watch estimates current agricultural practices, including the war on Monarch's primary food source, milkweed have eliminated more than 80 million acres of monarch habitat in recent years.
When the butterflies reach their breeding ground around the Great Lakes region, they will be met with sprawling stands of soy and corn crops. Herbicide-tolerant crops that led to an increase in the amount of toxic spraying that has a very negative impact on monarchs.
And some of Bt corn varieties are damaging butterflies.
Researchers published findings that showed that monarch larvae fed milkweed leaves dusted with Bt-corn pollen ate less, developed more slowly, and died more frequently than those fed milkweed untainted by the transgenic pollen.
Recent research shows that monarchs normally are well trained to protect their young ones.
Can you imagine, that monarch mothers know on which plant they attach their eggs?
Monarchs choose medicinal plants will special glycogens that are poisonous to other animals who want to eat the larvae or caterpillar. If an insect or birds eats the baby monarch, it gets sick, so it learns not to eat monarch caterpillars.
But Monarch females know more:
If there is a danger with parasites as the Ophryocystis elektroscirrha, the monarchs choose plants that are deadly for these parasites - without making an appointment with a doctor ...

Last winter's soggy weather had an impact on the already vulnerable population. Monarch butterflies limped into central Mexico at their lowest numbers since researchers began doing population counts in the 1970s.
While previous crashes in 2002 and 2004 occurred when the populations were above average, this year the population was at an all time low and then there was the crash that halved that low number. Another, a back-to-back crash would be particularly devastating.
And while Mexico's butterfly reserves and Midwest breeding grounds may feel far from us in South Texas, there is a lot local residents can do to help.

Texas Monarch routes are essential for the northward migration. It is here where the monarchs first rush of egg laying. So the conditions here in Texas play a big role in the success of future monarch generations going north.
nature education drawing monarch butterfly with caterpillar, migrating butterfly from Mexico to northeast US
The Monarch as caterpillar and as adult

The Monarch has recently been added to the World Wildlife Fund's Top Ten Most Threatened Species list and the overwintering population this winter is the lowest ever recorded.
Biology education online: gulf fritillary feeding on blossom at Bear Springs Blossom Nature conservation preserve in the Texas Hill Country, butterfly life cycle depends on wildflowers with nectar
Gulf Fritillary - Agraulis vanillae
photo at Bear Springs Blossom Nature Preserve
What can YOU do?
You can cut down on your pesticide use and rush out to plant some milkweed, sunflowers, and other plants. The Butterfly Bush is good for many butterflies, but not the best choice for monarchs.
some native plants are good food for butterflies, part of an intact butterfly habitat, balancing flora and fauna
Swallowtail feeding on butterfly bush

Our butterflies need our help to survive all the threats:
industrial agriculture
toxic chemicals
urban sprawl
more violent weather
HELP: Every backyard butterfly garden helps.
Botany: rosemary bush provides food for butterflies, helps butterflies to survive at Bear Springs Blossom Nature preserve

all flowers and blossoms attract butterflies, providing food, shelter for different butterfly species, learn online about nature conservation, update your nature education
Gulf Fritillary seen at
Bear Springs Blossom Nature Preserve
Biology education online: the sulphur southern dogface is often seen in southern US states, but was spotted in Wisconsin. Latin name colias cesonia
Sulphur Southern Dogface
Colias cesonia as butterfly and caterpillar

Contact us - learn to understand Nature!

What else can you do?

Help us to protect butterflies!
You will get free advice and information.
Think about how wonderful our Earth was created...
Live in Harmony with Nature + learn to understand Nature!

Loosing the pollinator butterfly will endanger many native plants. It is really amazing to see how Nature provides balance to all life on Earth.
How can we get humans to learn and understand? Mother Nature has a great plan - humans just have learned a few bits of it.

Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation international charitable NonProfit
Upgrade your Education to have a better life
Mexico environmental problems include not enough affordable nature conservation education to expand food production - Spain offers to little conservation education courses - - Indonesia cuts down a lot of tree. Missing nature conservation education leads to deforestation, water contamination, erosion problems because of deforestation, endangering marine life and humans - China has a growing population, more energy, more food, nature conservation education is very low on the to do list - German schools offer conservation education, but a lot of people are too busy to learn new things

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BSB members strongly believe that Conservation Education CE is the only solution to give the majority of human beings a better life on Earth.

Author Marianne Bonenberger
Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation
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Peter Bonenberger president
Marianne Bonenberger director of education
BSBNCG POB 63295 Pipe Creek 78063 TX USA
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