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Benjamin Franklin - US founding father
"An investment in knowledge pays the best interest."
"Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember.
Involve me and I learn."
"Any fool can criticize, condemn and complain
- and most fools do..."
Benjamin Franklin 1706 - 1790
Benjamin Franklin's father
was Josiah Franklin
born in England.
who had 17 children.
He converted to Puritanism
Age 12 Benjamin Franklin
became an apprentice at his
brother's company who taught
him the printing trade.
Age 15 Benjamin Franklin
wanted to publish an article
in the newspaper, but was denied.
So he used the pen name
Silence Dogood and was published.
Age 16 Benjamin Franklin
was in charge of running the
New-England Courant newspaper.
Age 17 Benjamin Franklin
had to move to Philadelphia
The Governor of Pennsylvania
told him to go to London.
Age 20 he returned to
1706 - 1790
born in Boston
Hard work and equality were two Puritan values that Ben Franklin preached throughout his own life.
Birthplace of Benjamin Franklin
1728 Benjamin Franklin became the publisher of a newspaper called The Pennsylvania Gazette.|
He could use his newspaper to instruct colonial Americans in moral virtue.
1730 he married Deborah Read. He brought his son William into their household, and had 2 children together.
One year later, Franklin joined the local Masonic Lodge, became Grand Master in 1734. He edited and published the first Masonic book in the Americas, a reprint of James Anderson's Constitutions of the Free-Masons. Franklin remained a Freemason for the rest of his life.
In 1743, Franklin founded the American Philosophical Society to help scientific men discuss their discoveries and theories.
1748, he was selected as a councilman, in June 1749 he became a Justice of the Peace for Philadelphia, and in 1751 he was elected to the Pennsylvania Assembly.
Franklin liked to create new things, the lightning rod, a multiple plate capacitor, glass harmonica, a special stove, bifocal glasses and the flexible urinary catheter were some of his ideas.
While flying a kite in 1750, Franklin had the idea for an experiment. He wanted to prove that lightning is electricity by flying a kite in a storm. When he did the experiment Franklin was careful to stand on an insulator, keeping dry under a roof to avoid the danger of electric shock.|
For his invention, Franklin received honorary degrees from Harvard and Yale universities.
Franklin was postmaster of Philadelphia from 1737 to 1753.|
Then he became deputy postmasters-general of British North America and lived in England from 1757 to 1762, and again from 1764 to 1774.
When he was asked why British packet ships carrying mail needed several weeks longer to reach New York than it took an average merchant ship,
Franklin became interested in the North Atlantic Ocean circulation patterns.
Franklin talked to many ship captains, learning enough to chart the current and name it the Gulf Stream, by which it is still known today.|
Franklin published his Gulf Stream chart in 1770 in England, where it was completely ignored for many years.
When Franklin sailed in to Philadelphia on May 5, 1775, after his second mission to Great Britain, the American Revolution had begun - with fighting between colonials and the British. In New England a militia group had trapped the main British army in Boston.|
The Pennsylvania Assembly unanimously chose Franklin as their delegate to the Second Continental Congress. He was asked to be a member of the Committee of Five that drafted the Declaration of Independence in 1776. Franklin made several -small but important- changes to the draft sent to him by Thomas Jefferson.
Benjamin Franklin's successor as minister was Thomas Jefferson.
who became 1790 secretary of state under his friend George Washington.
1796, Jefferson became vice-president after losing to John Adams.
Benjamin Franklin is a signatory of all four of the major documents of the founding of the United States:|
the Declaration of Independence
the Treaty of Alliance with France
the Treaty of Paris
the United States Constitution.
Voltaire blessing Franklin's grandson, in the name of God and Liberty|
When Franklin was dispatched to France as commissioner for the United States, he took with him as secretary his 16-year-old grandson, William Temple Franklin.
John Adams and Benjamin Franklin had dinner in April 1978. After dinner they drove to the Academy of Sciences. Benjamin Franklin was famous throughout France for his discovery of the lightning rod and the electric properties of thunderstorms, in addition to his many literary and philosophical works and his staunch defense of his country's new independence. The French called him L'ambassador electrique, and he was invited to many social circles of Paris.
The same night Voltaire 1694 - 1778 was at the Academy, one of the leading men of the age of enlightenment, Franklin and Voltaire greeted each other and Voltaire blessed Franklin's grandson.
Benjamin Franklin was elected Governor of Pennsylvania from 1785 to 1788
Think about: A lot of the freedom|
Americans have faced in their country is based on the thoughts and work of Benjamin Franklin
Who has lived over 200 years ago!
"We are all born ignorant, but one must work hard to remain stupid."
"Tricks and treachery are the practice of fools, that don't have brains enough to be honest."
"I agree to this Constitution with all its faults, if they are such; because I think a general Government necessary for us, and there is no form of Government but what may be a blessing to the people if well administered, and believe farther that this is likely to be well administered for a course of years, and can only end in Despotism, as other forms have done before it, when the people shall become so corrupted as to need despotic Government, being incapable of any other."
Missing education is the most pervasive threat to the Earth today.|
We have tried to give you a little glimpse of one of the founding fathers of the United States of America.
He was part of the "Age of Enlightenment", believed in the Laws of Nature", was part of a time when knowledge and understanding was highest priority!
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