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Laws of Nature
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"When the student is ready,|
the teacher will appear" Buddha
The 'Law of Nature' is a philosophical concept, which puts a flawless law system above the so called positive laws created by people.
The laws of Nature are founded on the nature of the world, the universe, and on the nature of the people.
The 'laws of Nature' are created by Nature, on the highest, divine principles. This law rules universally on people and peoples, ruling over space and time, being the ultimate claim, the basis of the right of all living beings.
The idea of the 'Laws of Nature' is based on the theory, that this law is inscribed in the nature of human beings and out of which the 'positive law' must arise.
These thoughts go back to the time of the Greeks, and were discussed and defined by the scholars of the Stoics, later defined and varied by Cicero, Thomas Aquinas, John Adams, John Locke, Thomas Jefferson, Madison, Kant, Montesquieu.
The law of Nature is based on a natural order, hard-wired into our Universe. The natural order allows humans to function properly, in other words: Humans can only feel happiness in their lives when they follow the laws of Nature. A great philosopher once stated: "The first general law that we discover in the very object of the society of nations, is that each individual nation is bound to contribute every thing in her power to the happiness and perfection of all the others."
Emmerich de Vattel, The Law of Nations - 1758
Every law is referenced fundamentally to reason. One could say that for every law reason is essential, it needs to be detected and exposed. But reason can only be explained by an already existing law, a law that provides direction.
This is what we call the "law of nature" - the “lex naturalis” or the unwritten law, dictating the rules of Nature in its whole. It is therefore nothing subsequent; it is also not an invention; it is a part of all life.
Peter Bonenberger, president of
Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation: Avatar of the laws of Nature
Look how often these bright men have connected Nature and happiness
The Greek philosopher Plato was quite sure, that around us is an orderly universe. The foundation of this cosmos are different forms. The 'Form of the Good' is for Plato the 'brightest region of Being', brings a person to wise action.|
Plato once said: "The Good is closely identified with the Beautiful"
Maybe reason enough for our motto
"Keep Earth beautiful"
Aristotle *384–322 BC
can be called 'the father of natural law' or 'natural right' Latin 'ius naturale'
Often he speaks about the existence of 'natural justice'
He states that a natural justice and injustice is binding for all men
Plato + Aristotle
Based on the theory of Aristotle|
Marcus Tullius Cicero *106 BC - 43 BC published a
philosophical view on the theory of the equality of human nature.
Cicero states: 'Justice and law derive their origin
from what nature has given to man,
from what the human mind embraces,
from the function of man, and
from what serves to unite humanity...'
Laws exist for:
"the safety of citizens, the preservation of states, and the tranquility and happiness of human life."
"the virtues which we ought to cultivate, always tend to our own happiness,
the best means of promoting them consists in living with men in that perfect union
and charity which are cemented by mutual benefits..'
Abu Mansur al-Maturidi *893 -941|
was the founder of the School Maturidiyyah
He stated: "The human mind can know of the existence of God
and the major forms of 'good' and 'evil' without the help of revelation.
As an example he talks about stealing:
"Stealing is known to be evil by reason alone due to man's working hard for his property.
The human mind knows that killing, fornication,
and drinking alcohol are all 'evils'.."
"Reason allows everybody to gain knowledge"
Much later, in medieval times, an Italian religious man|
Tommaso D'Aquino *1225 - 1274- english: Thomas Aquinas
used Cicero as the source to write about
"nature" and "custom" as the sources of a society's laws...
In England, the famous jurist|
Sir Edward Coke *1552 - 1634
also discussed the meaning of natural law:
"The law of nature is that which God at the time of creation of the nature of man infused into his heart, for his preservation and direction."
A panel of judges cited: "First the ligeance or faith of the subject is due unto the King by the law of nature: secondly
the law of nature is part of the law of England
"the law of nature was before any judicial or municipal law
"the law of nature is immutable."
John Locke *1632 - 1704|
"The state of nature has
a law of nature to govern it, which obliges every one:
and reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind, who will but consult it,
that being all equal and independent,
no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions..."
In France, the philosopher|
Charles de Montesquieu *1689 - 1755
published interesting books and scripts:
"In the state of nature, indeed, all men are born equal, but they cannot continue in this equality.
Society makes them lose it, and they recover it only by the protection of the laws."
Liberty is the right to do what the law permits.
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz *1646 - 1716
Immanuel Kant *1724 - 1804
commented interestingly about law and nature:
“Two things awe me most, the starry sky above me and the moral law within me.”
“So act that your principle of action might safely be made a law for the whole world.”
“All our knowledge begins with the senses, proceeds then to the understanding, and ends with reason.
There is nothing higher than reason.”
In Germany and Switzerland, the philosopher implemented strongly the connection between happiness and the laws of nature:|
"The most perfect society is that whose purpose is the universal and supreme happiness."
"Happiness is the point where center all those duties which individuals and nations owe to themselves; and this is the great end of the law of nature. The desire of happiness is the powerful spring that puts man in motion:
felicity is the end they all have in view, and it ought to be the grand object of the public will.
To succeed in this, it is necessary to instruct the people to seek felicity where it is to be found;
that is, in their own perfection ..."
"The first general law that we discover in the very object of the society of nations, is that each individual nation is bound to contribute every thing in her power to the happiness and perfection of all the others."
Emmerich de Vattel 1714 - 1764
John Adams *1735 - 1826|
2nd President of the United States
John Adam has liked the writings of Thomas Aquinas very much and embrace his ideas very publicly.
President Adams said:
“Let us tenderly and kindly cherish, therefore, the means of knowledge.
Let us dare to read, think, speak, and write.”
Another famous American|
Thomas Jefferson, *1743 - 1826, said:
"I first encountered Cicero as a schoolboy learning Latin"
Later Jefferson mentioned reading Cicero and admiring him as a patriot, as a moral philosopher.
American Founding Father
principal author of the
US-Declaration of Independence
James Madison 1751 - 1836|
"Knowledge will forever govern ignorance
and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives!"
"Not to know what occurred before you were born is to remain always a child.
For what is the worth of human life, unless
it is woven into the life of our ancestors by the records of history?"
Thomas L. Isenhour The evolution of Modern Science Preface
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